In this day and age, we are exposed to technology on a daily basis and you could say that it’s become a definite way of life.
The general populace is regularly utilizing personal AI assistants. Which includes – Apple’s Siri, Amazon’s Alexa, or Google Home to a greater extent.
This leads many people to believe that they are having a conversation. Or that a machine understands them.
With that said, all these talks about artificial intelligence. Is always met with wild speculations and confusion.
In this article, we’ll talk about strong AI by defining its key characteristics. And how it compares to weak AI, including some examples, and if it’s possible.
What is Strong AI?
Strong artificial intelligence (also known as Full AI, True Intelligence, Artificial General Intelligence). Is a construct or machine that has mental capabilities and functions. That simulates the human brain.
This type of artificial intelligence aim to perform activities without any external help. The research and development into AI aims to mimic human abilities. Such as self-awareness, consciousness, problem-solving, sentience, creativity, and reasoning.
There are theories stating that a strong AI construct can and should go through the same development as humans.
This means that strong AI machines will initially have a childlike mind. And will further develop into an adult mind via learning. Furthermore, they have the capability to interact with its surroundings and learn from it. Picking up its own consciousness and language.
If you are familiar with pop culture, strong AI machines are akin to Skynet or HAL9000. And any other movies where robot overlords have ruled mankind.
To be able to understand strong artificial intelligence, you should know about the other end of the spectrum. The weak AI.
What is Weak AI?
Earlier in the article, we have mentioned personal assistants. They include Siri and Alexa which are now widely used by the masses. While Siri and Alexa are considered to be artificial intelligence. They are weak programs.
Even advanced chess programs that are capable of beating grandmaster players are still considered weak AI.
These programs are categorized as such. Due to the difference between supervised and unsupervised programming. Chess programs and voice-activated assistants. Regardless of how “intelligent” they appear, still provide programmed responses.
For example, if you ask Alexa to turn on the lights. The program then understands certain keywords Lights and On. The programming algorithm will then respond by turning on the lights.
That may seem like a human-like experience. But Alexa is only responding to its programming and it’s just a simulation. At the end of the day, Alexa doesn’t necessarily understand any of the meaning of what you said.
Another example is the chess-playing Deep Blue computer. Which made the headlines because it defeated chess grandmaster Gary Kasparov.
Sure, you can say that the program was better at playing chess but is it necessarily smarter than Gary? Definitely not! The computer can’t appreciate art or beat you in a debate. It can’t even play any other games.
Although the term “weak AI” may connote that these programs are dumb or useless, the truth is far from it. These types of programs are continually improving. And becoming incredibly good at what they do. Purposely-built AIs present fantastic solutions to everyday problems.
Main Differences Between Strong AI and Weak AI
In a nutshell, these are the main differences between strong and weak artificial intelligence:
Weak AI is only made to look intelligent and can’t follow tasks on their own. Strong AI can think and perform tasks without outside intervention.
The actions of weak AI are programmed by a human being. Strong AI features stored algorithm and acts independently when dealing with different situations.
Strong AI machines have a mind of their own. And can make decisions while weak AI only simulates human behavior.
Weak AI technologies are used for making machines perform pre-planned activities in a regulated manner. Strong artificial intelligence, on the other hand, is always active. And can actually interact with the world and learn.
What are the Examples of Strong AI?
While there’s a big hype surrounding artificial intelligence. And has seemingly left the confines of science fiction. Still, strong AI doesn’t exist yet so there are no notable examples.
While there are programs that are very good at performing certain tasks. It’s nowhere near at the level that constitutes true intelligence.
Some experts predict that it will be developed by 2030 or 2045, while some say that it’s not possible at all.
We ourselves haven’t pinpointed the finer details of human consciousness. So it’s difficult to predict when we’re going to achieve strong AI, or if it’s even possible at all.
At this point, researchers are focused on achieving true artificial intelligence. Many of them believe that human-like intelligence is possible. Because we are living examples of it.
All we can do is to eagerly look forward to these developments.
For more information about artificial intelligence. We have a wealth of information about AI and just about everything with regards to the human brain.